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Index: S

S element: 4.1.6. Text Decoration
sample projects using CSS: 11. CSS in Action
sans serif fonts: 5.1. Font Families
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG): 1.3.1. Limited Initial Scope
scaling factor
absolute font sizes: 5.3.1. Absolute Sizes
line height and: 4.1.2. The Height of Lines
scaling line heights: Scaling the line heights
scrollbars: Overflow
block-level elements and: Height
selectors: 2.1.1. Rule Structure
class: 2.3. Class and ID Selectors
2.3.1. Class Selectors
CSS2: 10.2. CSS2 Selectors
grouping: 2.2.1. Grouping Selectors
ID: 2.3. Class and ID Selectors
2.3.2. ID Selectors
pseudo-class: 2.4.1. Pseudo-Class Selectors
pseudo-element: 2.4.2. Pseudo-Element Selectors
semicolon (;) terminating declarations: 2.1.3. Declarations
2.2.2. Grouping Declarations
serif fonts: 5.1. Font Families
servers, external style sheets and: 11.2.11. Serving CSS Up Correctly
seven properties of horizontal formatting[seven properties of horizontal formatting: Horizontal properties
shadow, adding to text: 10.3.2. text-shadow
shorthand hex notation: Short hexadecimal colors
shorthand properties: 7.4.4. Shorthand Border Properties
background property: 6.2.6. Bringing It All Together
border property: 7.4.4. Shorthand Border Properties
font property: 5.5. Using Shorthand: The font Property
list-style property: 7.7.4. List Styles In Shorthand
shrink-wrapping content: Setting width and height
shrinking text: 11.2.6. The Incredible Shrinking Text!
side-offset properties: 9.1.2. Side Offsets
sidebar: 11.1.2. Case 2: Library Catalog System Interface
images in: 6.2.2. Repeats with Direction
simulating class/ID selectors: Simulating class and ID
single attribute values, matching: Matching single attribute values
single quotation marks ( ): 5.1.3. Using Quotation Marks
single-side margin properties: 7.3.4. Single-Side Margin Properties
slanted text: 5.4.1. Fonts with Style
small-caps text: 5.4.2. Font Variations
sorting (cascade rules): 2.8. The Cascade
spaces separating keywords: 2.1.3. Declarations
2.1.3. Declarations
spacing: 4.1.4. Word Spacing and Letterspacing
alignment and: Spacing, alignment, and font size
letter: Letterspacing
speak properties: 10.7. Tables
special effects
background colors: 6.1.3. Special Effects
perfect alignment of backgrounds: Interesting effects
text shadow: 10.3.2. text-shadow
specificity: 2.7. Specificity
inheritance and: 2.7.1. Inheritance and Specificity
specificity sorting: 2.8. The Cascade
speech-synthesis browsers: 1.1.1. What a Mess
1.1.1. What a Mess
10.8.2. The Spoken Word
stacking context: 9.5. Stacking Positioned Elements
stacking positioned elements: 9.5. Stacking Positioned Elements
sticky notes: 9.3. Absolute Positioning
stress property: 10.8.2. The Spoken Word
STRIKE element: 4.1.6. Text Decoration
strikethrough (see line-through)
structural languages: 1.2.6. Preparing for the Future
structural markup: 1.1.1. What a Mess
structure of rules: 2.1.1. Rule Structure
STYLE attribute: 1.4.6. Inline Styles
2.8. The Cascade
quotation marks and: 5.1.3. Using Quotation Marks
specificity and: 2.7.1. Inheritance and Specificity
Therefore, the following rules will have the same visual effect onimages of class type1 andtype2, as shown in Figure 6-8:

IMG.type1 {color: gray; border-style: solid;}IMG.type2 {border-color: gray; border-style: solid;}
Figure 6-8

Figure 6-8. Setting the border color for images

Border colors, and borders in general, are all discussed in muchgreater detail in the Chapter 7, "Boxes and Borders".

style declarations: 1.4.4. Actual Styles
STYLE element: 1.4.2. The STYLE Element
style sheets
alternate, defining: LINK attributes
cascading (see CSS)
consistency, achieving with: 11.1.1. Case 1: Consistent Look and Feel
document: 1.4.2. The STYLE Element
embedded: 1.4.2. The STYLE Element
external (see external style sheets)
ignored when not recognized: 1.4.4. Actual Styles
imported: 1.2.3. Using Your Styles on Multiple Pages
overriding styles in: No floating at all
linking to HTML documents: 1.4.1. The LINK Tag
making concise through grouping: 2.2. Grouping
naming: 1.4.1. The LINK Tag
reader: 1.2.4. Cascading
styles: 1.4.4. Actual Styles
for borders: 7.4.1. Borders with Style
disappearing with Netscape Navigator: 11.2.10. Disappearing Styles
inline: 1.4.6. Inline Styles
using on multiple pages: 1.2.3. Using Your Styles on Multiple Pages
styling common elements: 11.2.4. Styling Common Elements
stylistic languages: 1.2.6. Preparing for the Future
subscript (SUB) element: 4.1.3. Vertical Alignment
subscripting: Superscripting and subscripting
superscript (SUP) element: 4.1.3. Vertical Alignment
superscripting: Superscripting and subscripting
SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics): 1.3.1. Limited Initial Scope

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A.grid {background-image: url(smallgrid.gif);}
<P>This paragraph contains <A HREF="..." CLASS="grid">an anchor with a
background image</A> which is tiled only within the anchor.</P>
Figure 6-24

Figure 6-24. A background image on an inline element

There are a number of ways to employ this technique. You might place an image in the background of STRONG elements, in order to make them stand out more. You could fill in the background of headings with a wavy pattern, or with little dots. You can even fill in the cells of tables with patterns to make them distinct from the rest of the page, as shown in Figure 6-25:

Figure 7-63

Figure 7-63. A floating image

7.6.1. Floated Elements

There are a few things to keep in mind with regard to floatingelements. In the first place, a floated element is in some respectsremoved from the normal flow of the document, although it stillaffects the layout. In a manner utterly unique to CSS, floatedelements exist almost on their own plane, yet they still have majorinfluence over the rest of the document. BODY). That isn't a requirement, of course;as we've seen, the default values forbackground-position are 0%0%. So, unless you change the position of theorigin image, that's where the tiling starts. Now that we knowhow to change the position of the origin image, we need to figure outhow user agents will handle the situation.

It will be easier to show an example, and then explain it. Considerthe following, which is illustrated by Figure 6-49:such a case, you get the result shown in Figure 7-72.

Figure 7-72

Figure 7-72. Floating an image wider than its parent element

Here, a left-floated image is wider than its parent, so its rightedge overruns the right edge of the parent element. Had the imagebeen floated to the right, then it would have overrun the left sideof the parent element instead.

We've seen this before, of course -- in Section 7.3, "Margins", in case you don't remember -- but it's worth reviewing again, just to see how it operates.

7.5.2. Single-Side Padding

You guessed it: there are properties that let you set the padding on a single side of the box, without affecting the other sides.