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Cascading Style Sheets: The Definitive GuideSearch this book

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This is a simple style sheet, as shown in Figure 6-19:

BODY {color: rgb(0%,50%,0%); background-color: #CCFFCC;}H1, H2 {color: yellow; background-color: rgb(0,51,0);}
Figure 6-19

Figure 6-19. The results of a simple style sheet

This style sheet is more sophisticated (shown in Figure 6-20):

BODY {color: black; background-color: white;}P {color: #333;}
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Index: O

oblique text: 5.4.1. Fonts with Style
octothorpe (#) preceding ID selectors: 2.3.2. ID Selectors
offsets (see side-offset properties)
Opera
CSS implementation in: 1.3.2. Implementations
padding and: 7.5.4. Padding: Known Issues
padding values, negative: 7.5. Padding
operating system, colors and: 10.5.2. Colors
order sorting: 2.8. The Cascade
ordered lists: 7.7.1. Types of Lists
7.7.2. List Item Images
origin image: 6.2.3.3. Length values
origin sorting: 2.8. The Cascade
origins: 2.8. The Cascade
orphans property: 10.8.1. Paged Media
outline properties: 10.5.3. Outlines
overflow: 9.1.4. Content Overflow and Clipping
overflow-clip property: 9.1.4.2. Overflow clipping
overflow clipping: 9.1.4.2. Overflow clipping
overflow property: 9.1.4.1. Overflow
overlapping
elements, altering: 9.5. Stacking Positioned Elements
floated elements, preventing: 8.3.1. Floating: The Details
margins (see collapsing margins)
text, preventing: 8.4.3. Managing the Line Height of Inline Elements
overlining: 4.1.6. Text Decoration
overriding previously declared values: 11.1.3. Case 3: Putting a Magazine Article Online


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color is the foreground color of the element. Thus, the following declaration will be displayed as shown in Figure 7-44:

P.shade1 {border-style: solid; border-width: thick; color: gray;}
P.shade2 {border-style: solid; border-width: thick; color: gray;
border-color: black;}
Figure 7-44

Figure 7-44. Border colors based on the element's foreground (top) and the value of the border-color property (bottom)

The result is that the first paragraph has a gray border, having taken the value gray from the foreground color of the paragraph itself. The second paragraph, on the other hand, has a

Figure 7-60

Figure 7-60. Padding on an inline element

Note the extra background space that appears on either end of the boldfaced text. There's your padding.

This all seems familiar enough, even when the boldfaced text stretches across multiple lines. Turn to Figure 7-61 to see what happens with padding set on an inline element displayed across multiple lines:

B {padding: 10px; background: silver;}
warn on each paragraph that contains warning text (<P CLASS="warn">) and the following rule:

P.warn {color: red;}

In the same document, you decide that any links within a warning paragraph should be green. Thus:

P.warn {color: red;}

3. The right outer edge of a left-floating element may notbe to the right of the left outer edge of any right-floating elementto its right. The left outer edge of a right-floating element may notbe to the left of the right outer edge of any left-floating elementto its left.

This rule also prevents floated elements from overlapping each other. Let'ssay you have a BODY that is 500 pixels wide, and