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10.5. Adapting to the Environment

CSS2 offers the ability to both alter the browser's environment and integrate its look more closely to that of the user's operating system.

10.5.1. Cursors

To achieve the former, we have the cursor property, which lets you declare what shape the browser's cursor will take as it passes over a given element. Want to make a humorous point about download times? Change the cursor to the wait cursor (an hourglass or watch) when the cursor passes over hyperlinks. You can even hook this property up to "cursor files" (which are not defined by the specification), so you could theoretically class your anchors based on where they go and load different icons for each type of attribute on the IMG tag in HTML. If an image is100 pixels tall, then by default its height will be100px . If you specify another value, then theimage will be scaled appropriately, as illustrated in Figure 8-28.

Figure 8-28

Figure 8-28. Scaling images with the height property

In almost all other ways, block-level replaced elements behave thesame as block-level elements when it comes to formatting: verticalmargins are collapsed while horizontal margins are not, and theborders and padding default to zero unless explicitly declared link. For example, off-site links could cause the cursor to change into a globe, while links intended to provide help could trigger a question-mark cursor.

10.5.2. Colors

In order to let web pages more closely match the user's desktop environment, there are a whole list of new color keywords like button-highlight, three-d-shadow, and gray-text. These are all intended to use the colors of the user's operating system. In all, there are 27 of these new color keywords. I won't list them all out here, but they're listed in Table 10-1, found at the end of this chapter.

10.5.3. Outlines

While you're moving your cursor around, you might want to show where the focus is set. For example, it might be nice to define a button so that it gets a red box around it when the cursor moves over it. Well, there a number of outline properties, including outline, outline-color, outline-style, and outline-width. To use the example of a red box, you might declare:

IMG.button:hover {outline: solid red 1px;}

This should have the effect described. The outline styles could also be used to set a visible outline for regions in a client-side image map.



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All of the borders shown in Figure 7-30 are based on a color of gray, which makes all of the effects easier to see. The look of a border style is always based in some way on the color of the border, although the exact method may vary between user agents. For example, Figure 7-30 illustrates two different ways of rendering an inset border.