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10.5. Adapting to the Environment

two-thirds down from the top left corner of the image will be aligned with the point that is as far from the top left corner of the containing element, as shown in Figure 6-41.

Figure 6-41

Figure 6-41. More percentage positioning

Note that with percentages the horizontal value always comes first. If you were to switch the percentages in the preceding example, the image would be placed two-thirds of the way across the element and one-third of the way down. It's also worth noting what happens if you only supply

CSS2 offers the ability to both alter the browser's environment and integrate its look more closely to that of the user's operating system.

10.5.1. Cursors

To achieve the former, we have the cursor property, which lets you declare what shape the browser's cursor will take as it passes over a given element. Want to make a humorous point about download times? Change the cursor to the wait cursor (an hourglass or watch) when the cursor passes over hyperlinks. You can even hook this property up to "cursor files" (which are not defined by the specification), so you could theoretically class your anchors based on where they go and load different icons for each type of link. For example, off-site links could cause the cursor to change into a globe, while links intended to provide help could trigger a question-mark cursor.

10.5.2. Colors

In order to let web pages more closely match the user's desktop environment, there are a whole list of new color keywords like button-highlight, three-d-shadow, and gray-text. These are all intended to use the colors of the user's operating system. In all, there are 27 of these new color keywords. I won't list them all out here, but they're listed in Table 10-1, found at the end of this chapter.

10.5.3. Outlines

While you're moving your cursor around, you might want to show where the focus is set. For example, it might be nice to define a button so that it gets a red box around it when the cursor moves over it. Well, there a number of outline properties, including outline, outline-color, outline-style, and outline-width. To use the example of a red box, you might declare:

IMG.button:hover {outline: solid red 1px;}

This should have the effect described. The outline styles could also be used to set a visible outline for regions in a client-side image map.



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two words in it. The only differences are that in Figure 8-45, we have a few dozen words and that most paragraphs don't contain an explicit inline element such as SPAN.

In order to get from this simplified state to something more familiar, all we have to do is determine how wide the element should be, and then break up the line so that the resulting pieces will fit into the width of the element. Thus we arrive at the state shown in Figure 8-46.