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A.3. Online Communities

One can read only so much before it comes time to join a discussion and ask some questions. There are two major venues for discussions about CSS, but each is concerned with a specific type of discussion -- so make sure you go to the right place.

A.3.1. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets

This Usenet group, often abbreviated as ciwas (pronounced "see-wass"), is the gathering place for CSS authors. A number of experts in the field check this newsgroup regularly, this author among them, and all are there for one primary reason: to help new CSS authors over the hurdles that learning any new language will generate. The secondary reason is for the spirited debates that occasionally erupt over some aspect of CSS, or a browser's implementation thereof. Rather unusually for a newsgroup, the signal-to-noise ratio stayed fairly high for the last few years of the 1990s, and will with any luck continue in that vein.

A.3.2. www-style@w3.org

Anyone who wishes to be involved in discussing the future course of CSS, and to clearing up ambiguities in the specifications, should subscribe to this list. The members of the list are all, in one fashion or another, interested in making CSS better than it is already. Please note: www-style is not the place to ask for assistance with writing CSS. For help with CSS authoring problems, visit ciwas instead. Questions beginning with element, the inline box will be the same as the content area.

8.4.4. Inline Replaced Elements

Inline "How do I ... ?" are frowned upon by the regulars of www-style and are usually redirected to a more appropriate forum such as ciwas. On the other hand, questions that begin "Why can't I ... ?" or "Wouldn't it be cool if ... ?" are generally welcome, so long as they relate to some ability that appears to be missing from CSS.

Messages to www-style are only accepted if the sender is already subscribed to the list. In order to subscribe, send email to with the word subscribe in the subject of the message; to unsubscribe, send email to with the word unsubscribe in the subject of the message.



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Every border has three aspects: its width, or thickness; its style, or appearance; and its color. The default value for the width of a border is medium , which is not explicitly defined but usually works out to be two or three pixels. Despite this, the reason you don't usually see borders is that the default style is none, which prevents them from existing. If a border has no style, then it may as well not exist, so it doesn't. The absence of a border style also resets the width, but we'll get to that in a little while.a web page contains a BLOOPER tag, browsers will completely ignore the tag because it isn't a tag they recognize.

The same will be true with style sheets. If a browser does not recognize <STYLE> and </STYLE>, it will ignore them altogether. However, the declarations within those tags will not be ignored, because they will appear to be ordinary text so far as the browser is concerned. So yourfont-variant before wrapping up the fontproperties.

5.4.1. Fonts with Style

font-style is very simple: it's used toselect between normal text,italic text, and oblique text.That's it! The only complications are in recognizing thedifference between italic and oblique text and knowing why browsersnone;} in your document's embedded style sheet. Beyond this type of circumstance, though, there really isn't much call to use float: none in your HTML documents.

7.6.2. Clear

Well, we talked about a lot of floating behavior, so there's only one more thing to discuss. You won't always want your content to