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A.3. Online Communities

One can read only so much before it comes time to join a discussion and ask some questions. There are two major venues for discussions about CSS, but each is concerned with a specific type of discussion -- so make sure you go to the right place.

A.3.1. comp.infosystems.www.authoring.stylesheets

This Usenet group, often abbreviated as ciwas (pronounced "see-wass"), is the gathering place for CSS authors. A number of experts in the field check this newsgroup regularly, this author among them, and all are there for one primary reason: to help new CSS authors over the hurdles that learning any new language will generate. The secondary reason is for the spirited debates that occasionally erupt over some aspect of CSS, or a browser's implementation thereof. Rather unusually for a newsgroup, the signal-to-noise ratio stayed fairly high for the last few years of the 1990s, and will with any luck continue in that vein.

A.3.2. www-style@w3.org

Anyone who wishes to be involved in discussing the future course of CSS, and to clearing up ambiguities in the specifications, should subscribe to this list. The members of the list are all, in one fashion or another, interested in making CSS better than it is already. Please note: www-style is not the place to ask for assistance with writing CSS. For help with CSS authoring problems, visit ciwas instead. Questions beginning with "How do I ... ?" are frowned upon by the regulars of www-style and are usually redirected to a more appropriate forum such as ciwas. On the other hand, questions that begin "Why can't I ... ?" or "Wouldn't it be cool if ... ?" are generally welcome, so long as they relate to some ability that appears to be missing from CSS.

Messages to www-style are only accepted if the sender is already subscribed to the list. In order to Here's a link to my <A HREF="mailto:johnmack@udel.edu?subject=Your Awesome MAD-DOG Page!">
e-mail: &nbsp;<IMG ALT="Great Page, Mad Dog!" src=mailbox.gif></a> so you can complain about this page.  The link encloses both 
the image (with default border) and the blue underlined text. Note that I specified the text for the subject line (the sender can change this). I could also specify ?cc= or ?bcc= and list e-mails to receive copies or blind copies. Navigator handles any one of these options; Explorer subscribe, send email to with the word subscribe in the subject of the message; to unsubscribe, send email to with the word unsubscribe in the subject of the message.



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we can see in Figure 8-47.

Figure 8-47

Figure 8-47. The full extent of each line box

Here we see that not every line reaches to the right edge of the paragraph's content area, which has been denoted with a dotted gray border. The end of each line box is determined by the content of the line box. For comparison, let's try the same thing, but this time right-justify the paragraph, as shown in Figure 8-48.

Figure 8-48

Figure 8-48. Line-box layout with right justification

Another example is web enabling legacy systems. It is very feasible to create a Java web ennoblement application server that simply uses the services provided by the underlying legacy system. Instead of rewriting the legacy system, if the system can be made to communicate results and parameters through XML, the new and old system can work together without throwing away a company's investment in the legacy system.

XML is an open standard

By making the W3C the keeper of the XML standard, it ensures that no one vendor should be able to cause interoperability problems to occur between systems that use the open standard. This should be reassuring to most companies making an investment in this technology, by being vendor neutral, this solution proposes to keep even small companies out of reach of big companies choosing to change the standards on them. For example, if a big company chooses to change the platform at its whim, then most other companies relying on that platform suffer. By keeping all data in XML and using XML in communications protocols, companies can maximize the lifetime of their investment in their products and solutions.

XML is language independent

Initial value

normal

Inherited

yes

 
You can include a BASEFONT tag at the start of your BODY section to specify the font SIZE, and, for some browsers, font FACE and font COLOR for your page: 
<BASEFONT SIZE="n" FACE="name" COLOR="color">
where n=3 references the client browser's default font size, typically 12-point, so that the allowable  n values